Basketball is a team sport. How successful a team plays is therefore always dependent on the performance of the collective. Nonetheless, during a basketball game, there are many 1-on-1 situations that confront an offensive player.
Basketball technique training: The offensive game in 1-on-1
1-on-1 situations start deep in your own half of the game when the point-in-action is made by the defender at the ball. Particularly in the system game against a man-man defense, offensive players have to assert themselves in one-on-one situations. (Basketball technique: improvement of offensive abilities)
Centers have to work their way to the basket through an outpost, and winger players also have an annoying "bodyguard" at their side, which they have to depend on. In the attack, however, one-on-one situations can be deliberately initiated and mismatches can be played out, which bring enormous benefits for the attacking team.
A mismatch occurs when an attacker has a size or speed advantage over his direct defender. A mismatch can be forced by isolation of the attacker on a wing or by a successful block (pick-and-roll).
An attacking player with a ball has many options that the defending player must adapt to. The basic prerequisite to be able to radiate any danger to the opponent, is a safe ball acceptance, so stopping, catching and securing the ball.
Basketball Technique Training: Shot-pass dribbling position
If a player masters the basic techniques of the offensive game, he can train the SPD position (shot-pass dribbling). In the SPD position the player stands with the ball in both hands about shoulder width. Both knees are bent and the ball is at about the height of the body's center of gravity. This position allows you to shoot, pass or dribble directly from the movement. In the SPD position you often get by freewheeling, catching and turning to the basket (Facing: Figure 1) by the star step.
In addition to the Facing basketball is still the above-mentioned outpost, a typical
Mismatch: The Outpost is a one-on-one technique that can be used to gain a size advantage. © trainingsworld / Ramy Azrak
Attacking center and tall, strong wingers. In this type of confrontation of the opponent of the offensive player is close to the basket with his back to the opponent and basket and should allow the ball-bearing players a safe Anspiel.
Dribbling with his back to the basket
After a successful attack by a teammate, a deep dribble occurs with the back to the basket, shielding the ball with the body in front of the defender. To approach the basket, the attacker tries to push away the defender with his back and buttocks. From the movement, a typical center throw can then be carried out in a variety of ways or a pass to a teammate can be made.
A player uses his technical skills to play to his advantage. However, the attacker should also be able to identify opportunities or read the defense. In basketball, a small defensive move by the defender, or even a quick glance to the side, can be the decisive advantage for the attacking game. Therefore, quick decisions must be made, which are associated with anticipation and experience.
Credible feints in basketball training:
The defensive player must provoke a defensive error. In 1-on-1 play, the ball-bearing player can use feints to gain an advantage. Feinting is versatile and may, for example, cause the opponent to jump too far away or get out of penetration. But it can also be pursued a banal goal, z. B. attach the opponent only a foul.
The condition for a successful feint is the credibility of the action. The feint should be done so that the faked action could have been carried out. No defender will fall for a throw-off from the center line. In addition, a feint should be done at the right time.
A throwing ink, which should allow a penetration to the basket, only makes sense, if the way to the basket is also free. If a defender falls for a feint, the target action should be implemented immediately to prevent the opponent from being repositioned to the defensive position.
Methodical mediation to improve 1-on-1 skills
In the first step, a basketball player should internalize the automatisms of the SPD position. This includes a free-running and catching the ball after a pass of the other player. The skills have to be automated.
In the second step you build a passive defender, who disturbs the movement sequence very easily. Alternatively, the complexity can be increased with a semi-active opponent. The semi-active defender, for example, has to keep one foot on a marker or take an arm behind the back and then try to restrict the attacker to defend as best as possible.
In the third step, technique-based situations are implemented in 2-on-2 or 3-on-3 situations to improve skills.
In the competition, the attacker must then show that he dominates his tool in 1-on-1.
Author: Ramy Azrak
2. Günter Hagedorn / Dieter Niedlich / Gerhard J. Schmidt (ed.): The Basketball Handbook (Rowohlt Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH)