The change of gallop is part of the essential basic training of each horse; especially when jumping horse.
In the dressage tests the gallop change is only required from class M onwards. There is a distinction between the "easy gallop change" and the "flying gallop change". In the simple gallop change, the horse is pared and is galloping after a few steps again; when flying gallops change the horse in the floating phase from left to right (or vice versa).
The gallop change is one of the difficult exercises. Therefore, the horse must be prepared by the rider and his trainer for them in technique training, such. B. with transitions from step to canter, trot gallop or with the help of Volten. The basic requirement for the general gallops change is a horse that is let loose at a gallop and straightened. Because only if it is bent evenly on both hands, you can work promisingly on this difficult lesson.
Initial exercises for the gallops change are:
- Changing on the long side from the indoor gallop (hand gallop) to the outdoor gallop
- Riding in the outer gallop on the circle and change to the indoor gallop
- flying change from a turntable
- flying change from a Gallopptraversale to the Hufschlag out (1)
Rods and Cavalettis can be helpful in practicing the flying gallop change over the jump. In this case, the jump must be done in the moment of free floating. Here, the horse changes the outer hind foot and the diagonal, ie the inner hindfoot and the outer forefoot. However, this only happens if the rider can give the corresponding help (1. shift the weight to the other side, 2. flip the thigh, 3. change the horse). The goal of the rods or the Cavaletti are on the one hand the strengthening of the back and the rear muscles of the horse, on the other hand the forward-downward stretching when releasing, as well as the promotion of tact and cadence. Another effect is the enormous concentration of horse and rider. In particular, horses, which otherwise like to be distracted and shy, are better concentrated in these exercises.
Exercises for the gallops change
The following exercises are designed to give (tournament) riders (including the / the Modern Five Campers / in), instructors and coaches a varied, varied range of training. The exercises start with a simple and complex lesson from lesson to lesson, so that the rider and the horse focus on specific aspects.
Prerequisite for a good jumping result are the basics such as balance, tact, momentum and straightening. "A crooked or unbalanced sitting rider can not imagine a straight-lined and balanced horse. A rider who can not keep the pace in his head will hardly produce even rounds. "(2)
Should errors in the exercises arise, such as. For example, if a horse refuses and passes the jump, the rider must ask himself in this situation:
1. What happened?
2. What was the cause?
3. How can the problem be solved?
A possible cause in this case could be a steering problem. If this happens more often, the horse and rider will have to deal with lessons in straightening.
Exercise 1: Small and big eights over cavalettis or ground rod
Construction: The bottom bar or Cavaletti is placed in the center of the riding track.
Exercise: The floor bar / Cavaletti is crossed in step, trot and later at a gallop (see Fig. 1). The circles
(Eighth) can be ridden in different sizes. Important are the middle crossing of the pole, as well as the forward looking of the rider on the next pole.
Exercise 2: Small or big eights over Cavaletti / floor bar
Construction: The floor bars or Cavaletti are placed on the outer circle half.
Exercise: The "switch from the circle" can through one of the three basic gaits
be ridden. The exercise helps the rider to keep his horse more attentive and obedient to the aids. Because of the hand change, the horse has to concentrate on 2 things.
Variation: be to all four circle points
Floor poles / Cavaletti laid. IMPORTANT: The rider is forced to look early (over the respective Cavaletti) to the next one. He also has to keep the rhythm. If the horse gets faster, many half parades have to be given. If the rider gallops the outer circle, 4 gallop jumps are ridden, in the inner line only 3 gallop jumps.
Exercise 3: Two floor bars / Cavalettis with possibility to change hands
Construction: Two floor bars or Cavaletti are placed at a distance of about 15 m in a straight line one behind the other, so that the rods can be ridden from both directions.
Exercise: The rider rides in trot or gallop in a straight line in the middle of the cavaletti or floor poles.
If the treadle length does not fit, the bar has to be moved back and forth a bit (2) Make sure that the bars are crossed in the middle and that the riding pace is constant. After crossing the poles, the rider can change hands.
2. Allen, L., Dennis D. (2002), show jumping with system, BLV Buchverlag GmbH & Co KG: Munich