Fascial training has been one of the much discussed and most advanced methods for some time. In addition to many new approaches, the work on the fascial structures is also present in classical sports. Pilates trainer Michaela Bimbi-Dresp describes the mode of action and exercises.
Major Pilates training schools such as Stott Pilates incorporate Tom Myers' Myofascial Hypothesis into the development of new motion programs. As an example, mention should be made of the Zenga program by Merrithew, which combines elements from Pilates, yoga and dance and focuses on the training of the myofascial, anatomical trainlines (or myofascial meridians). In his book Anatomy Trains, Tom Myers explains that regardless of its isolated mode of action, a muscle also influences functionally integrated, body-spanning connections within the fascial network. Fascia can be seen as connective tissue sheaths, fibers or even liquid crystalline compounds throughout the body. However, Tom Myers mainly considers the muscle-relevant fibers, which also results in the definition of "myo" (muscle tissue) and "fascia" (connective tissue surrounding network). Overall, Myers defines 12 myofascial connections from which the so-called superficial back line is to be presented.
Do not just treat local problems locally
The clinical relevance of any manual and exercise therapy is that a local problem is not only locally treated or trained, but "holistic" the entire trainline in which the problem is located. Myers' holistic approach is similar to Andry Vleeming's and Diane Lee's muscle sling systems, although these muscle loops and fascia meridians are sometimes defined differently.
An impact on a point within a fascia line is disseminated over its entirety, just as a run in a pullover continues. A pain in one place may have its cause somewhere else on the fascial line.
Plantar fascia acts on the entire back line
The superficial back line runs through the body as follows: Starting at the bottom of the toes, over the fascia plantaris (the large fascia of the sole of the foot), the heel (calcaneus), gastrocnemius muscle, achilles tendon, femoral condyle, biceps femoris muscles, semitendinosus, Semimembranosus, the ischial tuberosities, Sacrotuberale ligament, Sacrum, Sacrumbar fascia, Erector spinae, Nuchalis lineage, Aponeurotica aponeurosis, Epicraniales aponeurosis all the way to the frontal bone and thus over the eyebrows. In principle, the line thus extends from the bottom of the foot over the entire back of the body, over the back of the head to the forehead and thus has primarily to perform the all-day posture function. This work requires a high proportion of tonic muscle fibers (slow twitch muscle fibers / slow twitch). The movement function consists of extension and hyperextension (exception knee flexion).
A good test in sensing this superficial back line can be made simply with a tennis ball. First, stand on both feet and roll off to the ground. How far can you get with your fingertips? Pause for a moment, remember and then roll up again. The tennis ball is now placed under the right fore foot and the body weight drained on it. Here you stay one to two minutes and carry the ball a little further back, towards the heel. Again, you stay for one to two minutes. In the middle area of the transverse and longitudinal vault it is usually a little more unpleasant - especially here remain
.the weight sank.So one continues until the whole foot was "massaged". Now it is rolled back to the ground. How far can you get now? In almost all cases you can get on with something, especially with your right fingertips. This simple experiment shows the influence on the fascia plantaris and, above all, the effect on the entire back line. Please do it with your left foot...
Suitable Pilates and yoga exercises
As a movement therapy intervention, Tom Myers leads various yoga and Pilates exercises:
Pilates: Spine Stretch Forward, Roll Up, Roll Over, and Push Up (when pushing up, stay in the down-facing dog's position, alternating one heel and the other in the ground).
Yoga: Dandasana, the down looking dog, the plow
For more information, we recommend the new Zenga Pilates programs from STOTT PILATES ® at www.merrithew.com and the reading from Tom Myers (Anatomy Trains)